📘 ❞ An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics ❝ كتاب ــ Janet Holmes اصدار 2013

اللغويات الإجتماعية Sociolinguistics - 📖 كتاب ❞ An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics ❝ ــ Janet Holmes 📖

█ _ Janet Holmes 2013 حصريا كتاب ❞ An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics ❝ 2024 An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics: An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics_by_J An Introduction to Sociolinguistics Fourth Edition vii Preface xii Author’s Acknowledgements xvi Publisher’s xvii 1 What do sociolinguists study? 1 Section I Multilingual Speech Communities 17 2 Language choice in multilingual communities 19 3 maintenance and shift 53 4 Linguistic varieties nations 76 5 National languages language planning 100 Section II Variation: Focus on Users 129 6 Regional social dialects 131 7 Gender age 159 8 Ethnicity networks 186 9 change 206 Section III Uses 237 10 Style, context register 239 11 functions, politeness cross cultural communication 274 12 Gender, stereotypes 301 13 Language, cognition culture 337 14 Analysing discourse 363 15 Attitudes applications 409 16 Conclusion 439 References 454 Appendix: phonetic symbols 475 Glossary 477 Index 479 Brief Contents Section 19 C hoosing your variety or code 19 D iglossia 2 7 C ode switching mixing 34 3 53 L anguage different death loss 58 F actors contributing to 60 H ow can a minority be maintained? 64 L revival 67 4 76 V ernacular 77 S tandard 78 L ingua francas 8 2 P idgins creoles 85 5 100 N ational official 102 P lanning for national 1 07 D eveloping standard Norway 111 T he linguist’s role 15 Contents Contents Section 131 R egional variation 32 S ocial 39 S 40 7 159 G ender exclusive speech differences: highly structured 59 G preferential features: dialect research 63 G class 64 E xplanations of women’s linguistic behaviour 67 A ge graded features 75 A data 77 A grading 180 8 186 E thnicity 86 S 96 9 206 V ariation 207 H changes spread? 14 H we study change? 19 R easons 22 اللغويات الإجتماعية Sociolinguistics مجاناً PDF اونلاين هذا القسم يحتوى علي مجموعة من المصادر التي تهتم بدراسة اللغويات هو فرع علم أو اللسانيات يهتم تأثير جميع جوانب المجتمع ويتضمن ذلك المعايير الثقافية والتوقعات والبيئة وطريقة استخدام اللغة والآثار المترتبة وتختلف الاجتماعية عن اجتماعيات حيث تركز بينما وتتداخل إلى حد كبير مع التخاطب ولها ارتباطاً تاريخياً وثيقاً الإنسان اللغوي وقد حصل مؤخراً جدل حول الفرق بين المجالين ويَدرس العلم أيضاً كيف تختلف لسن الجماعات تفصلها متغيرات اجتماعية معينة مثل العرق والدين والجنس والمستوى الاجتماعي ومستوى التعليم والعمر وما وكيفية إنشاء هذه القواعد والالتزام بها لتصنيف الأفراد طبقات اقتصادية وكما يختلف أي لغة مكان آخر (لكنة) الطبقات وهذه هي اللهجات علماء بدراستها Sociolinguistics is the descriptive effect any all aspects society, including norms, expectations, context, way used, society's It differs from sociology language, which focuses society overlaps considerably with pragmatics It also studies how differ between groups separated by certain variables (e g , ethnicity, religion, status, gender, level education, age, etc ) creation adherence these rules used categorize individuals socioeconomic classes Contents 1 Applications 2 Traditional sociolinguistic interview 3 Fundamental concepts 3 1 community 3 2 High prestige low varieties 3 3 Social network 4 Differences according class 4 Class aspiration 4 2 codes 4 Restricted code 4 Elaborated The codes child development 4 Covert prestige 5 Sociolinguistic variables Applications For example, sociolinguist might determine through attitudes that particular vernacular would not considered appropriate use business professional setting The concerned constraints determining its contextual environment Code term given situations William Labov often regarded as founder sociolinguistics He especially noted introducing quantitative analysis change, making into scientific discipline Traditional interview The interview an integral part collecting There interviewer, who conducting study, subject, informant, interviewee

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An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics
كتاب

An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics

ــ Janet Holmes

صدر 2013م
An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics
كتاب

An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics

ــ Janet Holmes

صدر 2013م
عن كتاب An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics:
An_Introduction_to_Sociolinguistics_by_J

An Introduction to
Sociolinguistics
Fourth Edition

vii
Preface xii
Author’s Acknowledgements xvi
Publisher’s Acknowledgements xvii
1 What do sociolinguists study? 1
Section I Multilingual Speech Communities 17
2 Language choice in multilingual communities 19
3 Language maintenance and shift 53
4 Linguistic varieties and multilingual nations 76
5 National languages and language planning 100
Section II Language Variation: Focus on Users 129
6 Regional and social dialects 131
7 Gender and age 159
8 Ethnicity and social networks 186
9 Language change 206
Section III Language Variation: Focus on Uses 237
10 Style, context and register 239
11 Speech functions, politeness and cross-cultural communication 274
12 Gender, politeness and stereotypes 301
13 Language, cognition and culture 337
14 Analysing discourse 363
15 Attitudes and applications 409
16 Conclusion 439
References 454
Appendix: phonetic symbols 475
Glossary 477
Index 479
Brief Contents

Section I Multilingual Speech Communities 17
2 Language choice in multilingual communities 19
C hoosing your variety or code 19
D iglossia 2 7
C ode-switching or code-mixing 34
3 Language maintenance and shift 53
L anguage shift in different communities 53
L anguage death and language loss 58
F actors contributing to language shift 60
H ow can a minority language be maintained? 64
L anguage revival 67
4 Linguistic varieties and multilingual nations 76
V ernacular languages 77
S tandard languages 78
L ingua francas 8 2
P idgins and creoles 85
5 National languages and language planning 100
N ational and official languages 102
P lanning for a national official language 1 07
D eveloping a standard variety in Norway 111
T he linguist’s role in language planning 1 15
Contents

Contents
Section II Language Variation: Focus on Users 129
6 Regional and social dialects 131
R egional variation 1 32
S ocial variation 1 39
S ocial dialects 1 40
7 Gender and age 159
G ender-exclusive speech differences: highly structured communities 1 59
G ender-preferential speech features: social dialect research 1 63
G ender and social class 1 64
E xplanations of women’s linguistic behaviour 1 67
A ge-graded features of speech 1 75
A ge and social dialect data 1 77
A ge grading and language change 180
8 Ethnicity and social networks 186
E thnicity 1 86
S ocial networks 1 96
9 Language change 206
V ariation and change 207
H ow do changes spread? 2 14
H ow do we study language change? 2 19
R easons for language change 2 22
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