📘 ❞ Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R ❝ كتاب ــ Catherine Anderson اصدار 2017

اللغويات Linguistics - 📖 كتاب ❞ Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R ❝ ــ Catherine Anderson 📖

█ _ Catherine Anderson 2017 حصريا كتاب ❞ Essentials of Linguistics SOL*R ❝ 2024 SOL*R: SOL*R Essentials by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4 0 International License, except where otherwise noted Contents About the Book 1 About Author 3 Acknowledgements 5 Part I Chapter 1: Thinking Like Linguist 1 1 Science 9 2 2 Mental Grammar 14 3 3 Creativity and Generativity 19 4 Fundamental Properties Language 24 5 Practice Time 31 6 Summary 33 Part II 2: Producing Speech Sounds 7 How Humans Produce 37 8 Articulators 43 9 Describing Sounds: IPA 48 10 symbols speech sounds 54 11 5 Sonority, Consonants, Vowels 58 12 6 Classifying Consonants 62 13 7 68 14 8 Diphthongs 73 Part III 3: Transcribing Sounds 18 Broad Narrow Transcription 89 19 for Canadian English 91 20 Syllabic 94 21 Aspirated Stops in 98 22 Articulatory Processes: Assimilation 104 23 Other Processes 108 24 Suprasegmentals 112 25 Casual 117 26 123 27 125 Part IV 4: Sounds Mind 28 Phonemes Contrast 129 29 Allophones Predictable Variation 135 30 Phonetic Segments Features 140 31 Natural Classes 145 32 Phonological Derivations 154 33 160 34 163 Part V 5: Psycholinguistics Learning Sounds 35 Babies Learn Phoneme Categories of Their Language 167 36 Adults a New Language 173 37 178 38 179 Part VI 6: Word Forms 39 Words Morphemes 183 40 Allomorphs 187 41 Inflectional Morphology 189 42 Derivational 194 43 Some Indigenous Languages 199 44 204 45 206 Part VII 7: Combining Words 46 Nouns, Verbs Adjectives: Open Class Categories 209 47 Compound 214 48 Closed Class (Function Words) 219 49 Auxiliaries 222 50 Neurolinguistics: Syntactic Category Differences in Brain 224 51 229 52 231 Part VIII 8: Forming Sentences 53 اللغويات مجاناً PDF اونلاين هذا يحتوي يحتوى علي معلومات خاصة بعلم اللغويات هي علم يهتم بدراسة اللغات الإنسانية ودراسة خصائصها وتراكيبها ودرجات التشابه والتباين فيما بينها يدرس اللغة من كل جوانبها دراسة شاملة أما اللغوي فهو الشخص الذي يقوم بهذه الدراسة ظهرت اللسانيات الحديثة القرن 19م لكنها كعلم قديمة قدم الإنسان جاءت بفكرة رئيسة مع العالم فرديناند دو سوسور فمع علمنة الثورة الصناعية أراد أيضا كتابه محاضرات العامة فاللغة عنده تحمل هويات قيم الدين والمحيط والثقافة والفكر الفلسفي Linguistics scientific study language It involves analysing form, meaning, context The earliest activities documentation description have been attributed to 6th century BC Indian grammarian Pāṇini who wrote formal Sanskrit his Aṣṭādhyāyī [5] Linguists traditionally analyse human observing an interplay between sound meaning Phonetics non sounds, delves into their acoustic articulatory properties on other hand, deals with how languages encode relations entities, properties, aspects world convey, process, assign as well manage resolve ambiguity While semantics typically concerns itself truth conditions, pragmatics situational influences production meaning

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Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R
كتاب

Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R

ــ Catherine Anderson

صدر 2017م
Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R
كتاب

Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R

ــ Catherine Anderson

صدر 2017م
عن كتاب Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R:
Essentials of Linguistics - SOL*R

Essentials of Linguistics by Catherine Anderson is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Contents
About the Book 1
About the Author 3
Acknowledgements 5
Part I. Chapter 1: Thinking Like a Linguist
1. 1.1 Linguistics is Science 9
2. 1.2 Mental Grammar 14
3. 1.3 Creativity and Generativity 19
4. 1.4 Fundamental Properties of Language 24
5. Practice Time 31
6. Summary 33
Part II. Chapter 2: Producing Speech Sounds
7. 2.1 How Humans Produce Speech 37
8. 2.2 Articulators 43
9. 2.3 Describing Speech Sounds: the IPA 48
10. 2.4 IPA symbols and speech sounds 54
11. 2.5 Sonority, Consonants, and Vowels 58
12. 2.6 Classifying Consonants 62
13. 2.7 Classifying Vowels 68
14. 2.8 Diphthongs 73

Part III. Chapter 3: Transcribing Speech Sounds
18. 3.1 Broad and Narrow Transcription 89
19. 3.2 IPA for Canadian English 91
20. 3.3 Syllabic Consonants 94
21. 3.4 Aspirated Stops in English 98
22. 3.5 Articulatory Processes: Assimilation 104
23. 3.6 Other Articulatory Processes 108
24. 3.7 Suprasegmentals 112
25. 3.8 Transcribing Casual Speech 117
26. Practice Time 123
27. Summary 125
Part IV. Chapter 4: Speech Sounds in the Mind
28. 4.1 Phonemes and Contrast 129
29. 4.2 Allophones and Predictable Variation 135
30. 4.3 Phonetic Segments and Features 140
31. 4.4 Natural Classes 145
32. 4.5 Phonological Derivations 154
33. Practice Time 160
34. Summary 163
Part V. Chapter 5: Psycholinguistics of Learning
Sounds
35. 5.1 How Babies Learn the Phoneme Categories of
Their Language
167
36. 5.2 How Adults Learn the Phoneme Categories in a
New Language
173
37. Practice Time 178
38. Summary 179
Part VI. Chapter 6: Word Forms
39. 6.1 Words and Morphemes 183
40. 6.2 Allomorphs 187
41. 6.3 Inflectional Morphology 189
42. 6.4 Derivational Morphology 194
43. 6.5 Inflectional Morphology in Some Indigenous
Languages
199
44. Practice Time 204
45. Summary 206
Part VII. Chapter 7: Combining Words
46. 7.1 Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives: Open Class
Categories
209
47. 7.2 Compound Words 214
48. 7.3 Closed Class Categories (Function Words) 219
49. 7.4 Auxiliaries 222
50. 7.5 Neurolinguistics: Syntactic Category Differences
in the Brain
224
51. Practice Time 229
52. Summary 231
Part VIII. Chapter 8: Forming Sentences
53.
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